ITO is commonly used to make transparent conductive coatings for many display and other applications. Its high-cost and rigidity has researchers looking for a replacement technology. Epigem’s solution to this problem is the replace or augment the ITO layer with an ultra-fine metal wire grid made by Epigem’s unique additive build-up method. The resulting Epimesh film is about 10 times more conducting than ITO at the same transmission. The metal grid approach can be used in combination with other ITO-replacement technologies such as PEDOT:PSS, silver nanowire ink or carbon nanotube ink..